BOOKS, CHAPTERS, AND REVIEWS
The Nova Scotia
Institute of Science publishes a LIST OF TOXIC FUNGAL METABOLITES
(about 3000), the producing fungi and a reference to the original
work. Currently this list covers the period from 1750-1996 and is
updated periodically by Dr. A. Taylor. Subject to a small charge
by the Institute, the information is available on floppy disks compatible
with IBM and MAC platforms. Details have been published in "Proc.
N.S. Inst. Sci., 28: 163-170, 1978". Contact: Dr. A. Taylor, 14,
Canterbury St., Dartmourh, Nova Scotia, B2Y 1S7, Canada.
issue of June 1998 Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire,
vol. 149, p. 469-715, published the proceedings of the Symposium
MYCOTOX 98, MYCOTOXINS IN FOOD CHAIN and is available at a cost
of 450 FF. Details on the content have been given separately in
this MTNL issue. Send orders to: Mycotox 98, Revue de médecine
vétérinaire, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire,
23 Chemin des Cappelles, 31076 Toulouse cedex 3, France. Fax: +33-56-119-3835.
of the 9th IUPAC International Symposium on Mycotoxins and Phycotoxins
(Rome, 1996), edited by M. Miraglia, H.P. van Egmond, C. Brera and
J. Gilbert, were published on July 1, 1998, by Alaken, Inc. The
volume, entitled MYCOTOXINS AND PHYCOTOXINS: DEVELOPMENTS IN CHEMISTRY,
TOXICOLOGY AND FOOD SAFETY, is a 620 page hard cover volume that
contains 5 general overviews, 36 chapters on mycotoxins and 20 chapters
on phycotoxins, and is available at a cost of 175 USD (+ postage).
Send orders to: Alaken, Inc., 305 W. Magnolia St., Suite 196, Fort
Collins, Colorado, USA. Fax: 970-226-8655, Tel: 970-223-5348.
A special issue
of MYCOTOXINS, JOURNAL OF THE JAPANESE ASSOCIATION OF MYCOTOXICOLOGY
(1997, vol. 45, 72 pages) reports several papers presented at the
1997 workshop on "Recent Advances on Nivalenol, a Foodborne Fusarium
Mycotoxins". Nivalenol data in relation to scabby wheat intoxication,
natural occurrence in foods and effects of food processing, apoptosis,
IgA nephropathy and human esophageal cancer are reported. Other
papers published in the same issue present data on the occurrence
of Fusarium mycotoxins in high-risk area for human esophageal cancer
in China, the co-occurrence of aflatoxin B1 and ochratoxin
in maize in Vietnam, and an analytical method of trichothecin in
agricultural products. Contact: Japanese Association of Mycotoxicology,
Dept Toxicology and Microbial Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical
Sciences, Science University of Tokyo, 12 Funagawaramachi, Ichigaya,
Shingiuku-ku, Tokyo 162, Japan.
disease outbreak has been attributed to the consumption of moldy
sorghum and maize containing fumonisin B1 (Bhat et al.,
Clinical Toxicology, 1997, 35, 249-255). A rapid epidemiological
survey was conducted in a few villages of the Deccan plateau in
India affected by an outbreak of abdominal pain and diarrhea due
to the consumption of unleavened Indian bread prepared from moldy
sorghum or moldy maize. The disease outbreak had occurred only in
the villages where the crops were harvested and left in the field
during unseasonal rains. All samples of rain-damaged maize and sorghum
contained fumonisin B1 up to concentrations of 64.7 and 7.8 mg/kg,
whereas low levels of the toxin (<0.4 mg/kg) were found in healthy
looking samples. This investigation provides epidemiological and
circumstantial evidence of the adverse effect of fumonisins in humans
on an acute basis.